Carta 62: Sobre boa companhia

Na carta 62 Sêneca aborda dois princípios estoicos fundamentais:  o valor da amizade e a frugalidade.

Diz que o “atalho mais curto às riquezas é desprezar as riquezas” (LXII,3) e que devemos nos fazer amigos “dos melhores homens”  não importando  em que “terras eles possam ter vivido, ou em que idade” (LXII,2)

(Imagem Diogenes  por Jean-Léon Gérôme)


LXII. Sobre boa companhia

Saudações de Sêneca a Lucílio.

  1. Somos enganados por aqueles que nos querem fazer crer que uma multidão de assuntos bloqueia a busca de estudos intelectuais; eles fazem um fingimento de seus compromissos, e os multiplicam, quando seus compromissos são meramente com eles. Quanto a mim, Lucílio, o meu tempo é livre; é de fato livre, e onde quer que eu esteja, sou mestre de mim mesmo. Pois não me entrego a meus negócios, mas empresto-me a eles, e não busco desculpas para desperdiçar meu tempo. E, onde quer que eu esteja, continuo minhas próprias meditações e pondero em minha mente algum pensamento saudável.
  2. Quando me entrego a meus amigos, não me afasto da minha própria companhia, nem permaneço com aqueles que estão associados a mim por alguma ocasião especial ou alguma circunstância que surge da minha posição oficial. Mas eu passo meu tempo na companhia de todos os melhores; não importa em que terras eles possam ter vivido, ou em que idade, eu deixo meus pensamentos voar a eles.
  3. Demétrio[1], por exemplo, o melhor dos homens, eu levo comigo, e, deixando os trajados em linho púrpura e fino, falo com ele, meio nu como ele é, e o tenho em alta estima. Por que eu não deveria mantê-lo em alta estima? Descobri que ele não sente falta de nada. É possível a qualquer homem desprezar todas as coisas, mas impossível a alguém possuir todas as coisas. O atalho mais curto às riquezas é desprezar as riquezas. Nosso amigo Demétrio, no entanto, vive não apenas como se tivesse aprendido a desprezar todas as coisas, mas como se as tivesse entregue para que outras pessoas as possuíssem[2].

 

Mantenha-se Forte. Mantenha-se Bem.

[1] Demétrio de Corinto foi um filósofo cínico de Corinto que viveu em Roma durante os reinos de Calígula, Nero e Vespasiano

[2] Isto é, ele alcançou o ideal estoico de independência de todo controle externo; ele é um rei e tem tudo para conceder aos outros, mas não precisa de nada para si mesmo.

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